BRICS Countries are active in improving health in low-income
On the eve of the summit BRICS – 2012, a nonprofit group Initiative Global Health Strategies initiatives (GHSi) was published a report on work carried out by countries in the field of Health from 2005 to 2010
The report presents the conclusions that the period between 2005 and 2010 volumes of international cooperation among BRICS performance exceeded the pace of the “Big Seven” in this field for more than tenfold. Here are ways to further enhance co-operation and modernization of this sector.
According to a report published on the eve of the next summit in 2012, BRICS, Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa are investing new resources, and give new impetus to introduce innovations in measures to improve health in the poorest countries in the world. This statement comes amid cutbacks from traditional donors. The report examines the participation of BRICS in the development and health.
The report emphasizes that “five” in the past, for several decades, cooperated actively in international projects, but in recent years the volume and scope of its activities have grown rapidly with the growth of these economies. Although donors “Big Seven” continues in a much greater extent to provide assistance, the report pointed out that in terms of average annual growth rate of financing of international projects from the BRICS countries for the period from 2005 to 2010 more than ten times the performance “Big Seven”. Learn more about healthy lifestyle!
“At a time when severe financial constraints make traditional donors to cut funding for international cooperation, BRICS countries are beginning to be increasingly active in improving health in low-income” – said Kirill Danishevsky, PhD, Associate Professor Department of Health Management MMA. Sechenov honorary chairman of the Society of evidence-based medicine. – Investing in innovation and directing efforts on capacity building and economic independence, they change the global approach to health and development of this sector by offering new models of cooperation. ”
Report a non-profit initiative of Global Health Strategies initiatives (GHSi), whose work is aimed at improving health care areas in developing countries, is based on a detailed analysis of the BRICS countries in the field of global health and the effectiveness of innovative health programs in these countries. A report released in New Delhi, India, March 28-29 summit to be held at BRICS Heads of Government.
“BRICS countries to a greater extent offer new resources for global health and development. In the same way as they offer a new model of international cooperation, radically changing our understanding of the interaction in this sphere “, – said David Gold, founder of the group GHSi. – With the growth potential of innovation and strengthen partnership in the “South-South” BRICS countries are becoming a new important generator of ideas in the field of health and medical technologies aimed at improving the situation in developing countries. ”
The report of GHSi indicated that the approaches to the BRICS countries, international cooperation vary with the views of traditional donors, largely due to their own experiences. In matters of health, as well as in other areas of the country BRICS based on cooperation and technical support from the “South-South” and aimed at strengthening the capacity and self-sufficiency. The report also examines the important contribution of BRICS in the implementation of multilateral health initiatives, including the role of Brazil in the funding program UNITAID, and the participation of Russia as a financial donor in the framework of the alliance GAVI, known as “Advanced market commitments”, aimed at the development of pneumococcal vaccines .
Although not all countries have the BRICS sustainable programs in health, they are taking steps in this direction and implement the modernization of their own decisions as the major challenges for health care. For example, significant commitments from Brazil in 1996 to provide universal access to effective treatments for HIV infection is largely influenced by the principles of global access to medicines. China remains a leader in the treatment of malaria in Africa. At the same time South Africa was the first country that offered the latest methods of molecular diagnosis of tuberculosis. These examples illustrate a completely unique model of success that can stimulate effective action in the field of health care in other developing countries.
In addition to aspects of cooperation in the report covered the activities of an innovative public and private sector in the BRICS, offering high quality and low-cost medical technologies, which was a turning point solution that provides access to health care for the poor. Indian manufacturers, for example, has a key role in reducing the prices of vaccines and drugs against HIV / AIDS.
Currently, India is recognized as the largest manufacturer of low-cost drugs and vaccines. At the same time, each of the BRICS countries invested heavily in science and technology, including research and development in medicine. China intends to increase funding for research sector from 1.3% of GDP in 2005 to 2.5% of GDP by 2020. The Government is working with vaccine manufacturers to expand production and access to world markets. Russia plans to invest $ 4 billion to develop its own pharmaceutical industry. The report of GHSi analyzes how innovation BRICS countries in the field of medicine and health could affect the further improvement of health care.
During the meeting in 2011 at the level of Ministers of Health of BRICS was announced intentions to build teamwork in medicine, as well as give full support to the development of this area in other developing countries. As the provision for cooperation, BRICS countries have formulated their strategy of cooperation in broader terms. Brazil, Russia, India and South Africa have already established, or intend to centralize the interaction between the relevant authorities of their countries, and China has published a government document, which officially stated view on the development of international cooperation.
The report of GHSi noted that the summit will be a new impetus to cooperation in health and development. India, for example, initiated the creation of the Development Bank of BRICS, whose task will be the formalization of cooperation and coordination. The report also raised a number of problems that require a coordinated effort on the part of BRICS, including the modernization of the principles of TB control, communicable diseases, polio eradication and monitoring of disease and access to vaccines.